Feasibility and safety of exclusive echocardiography-guided intravenous temporary pacemaker implantation

Aref El Nasasra, Hilmi Alnsasra, Doron Zahger, Tsahi T. Lerman, Sergio Kobal, Carlos Cafri, Moti Haim, Lior Fuchs, Avi Shimony

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Background: The standard approach for urgent trans-venous temporary cardiac pacemaker (TVTP) implantation is fluoroscopy guidance. The delay in activation of the fluoroscopy-room and the transfer of unstable patients may be life-threatening. Echocardiography-guided TP implantation may increase the safety of the patients by obviating the need for in-hospital transfer. We examined the feasibility and safety of echocardiography-guided vs. fluoroscopy-guided TVTP implantation. Methods: From January 2015 to September 2017 data for consecutive patients who needed emergent TVTP implantation were retrospectively reviewed. Ultrasound-guided TVTP protocol that was introduced in our center in January 2015 involved ultrasound guidance for both central venous access and pacing lead positioning. Access sites included femoral, subclavian, or jugular veins. Electrodes were placed in the right ventricular apex by means of echocardiographic monitoring in intensive care unit or by fluoroscopic guidance. Endpoints were achievement of successful ventricular pacing and procedural complications. Results: Sixty-six patients (17 echocardiography-guided and 49 fluoroscopy-guided) were included. There were no differences in pacing threshold between the echocardiography-guided group and the fluoroscopy-guided group (0.75 ± 0.58 mA vs. 0.57 ± 0.35 mA, p = 0.24). The access site for implantation was femoral vein in 27% for the fluoroscopy-guided vs. none for the echocardiography-guided approach (p = 0.015). One hematoma and one related infection occurred in the fluoroscopy-guided group. The need for electrode repositioning was observed in 1 patient in each group. There were no procedural-related deaths in either group. Conclusions: Echocardiography-guided temporary cardiac pacing is a feasible and safe alternative to fluoroscopy-guided approach and significantly lowers the need for in-hospital transfer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-161
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Echocardiography
Issue number3
StatePublished - 13 Sep 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Echocardiography
  • Fluoroscopy
  • Heart block
  • Point-of-care ultrasound
  • Temporary pacemaker

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


Dive into the research topics of 'Feasibility and safety of exclusive echocardiography-guided intravenous temporary pacemaker implantation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this