Fetal liver function tests: Umbilical cord gamma- glutamyltransferase as a marker for fetal abnormality

Mordechai Hallak, Stanley M. Berry, Jennifer A. Bichalski, Mark I. Evans, David B. Cotton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The objective was to assess the association of fetal liver function tests in various (noninfectious) abnormal fetal conditions. Liver function tests and complete blood counts were evaluated in 72 consecutive fetal blood specimens obtained by cordocen- tesis. The indications for cordocentesis included: fetal malformation (24), red blood cell alloimmunization (23), possible fetal infection (17), oligohydramnios (5), and immunologic thrombocytopenic purpura (3). Statistical analysis included analysis of variance and linear regression analysis. Liver function tests including total protein, albumin, total bilirubin, alanine and aspartate aminotransferase were all within the range of previously published normal values. However, fetal y-gluta- myltransferase levels (mean ± SEM) were 157.1 ± 15.1 IU/1 (norm; 24.4 ± 1.2 IU/1; p < 0.001). There were no statistically significant differences in the γ-glutamyltransferase levels between the various groups of fetal abnormalities. Mean fetal y-glutamyltransferase levels in 8 normal fetuses were 106.2 ± 17.5 IU/1. In conclusion, fetal y-glutamyltransferase levels are significantly elevated in several abnormal fetal conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-169
Number of pages5
JournalFetal Diagnosis and Therapy
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1994
Externally publishedYes


  • Fetal abnormalities
  • Fetal infection
  • Liver function tests

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Embryology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


Dive into the research topics of 'Fetal liver function tests: Umbilical cord gamma- glutamyltransferase as a marker for fetal abnormality'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this