Fictitious spin-1/2 operators and correlations in quadrupole nuclear spin system

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4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Hamiltonian and the spin operators for a spin 3/2 are represented in the basis formed by the Kronecker productions of the 2×2 Pauli matrices. This reformulation allows us to represent a spin 3/2 as a system of two coupled fictitious spins 1/2. Correlations between these fictitious spins are studied using well-developed methods. We investigate the temperature and field dependences of correlations, such as mutual information, classical correlations, entanglement, and geometric and quantum discords in the fictitious spin-1/2 system describing a nuclear spin 3/2 which is placed in magnetic and inhomogeneous electric fields. It is shown that the correlations between the fictitious spins demonstrate properties which differ from those of real two-spin systems. In contrast to real systems all the correlations between the fictitious spins do not vanish with increasing external magnetic field; at a high magnetic field the correlations tend to their limiting values. Classical correlations, quantum and geometric discords reveal a pronounced asymmetry relative to the measurements on subsystems (fictitious spins) even in a uniform magnetic field and at symmetrical EFG, η=0. The correlations depend also on the distribution of external charges, on the parameter of symmetry η. At η ≠ 0 quantum and geometric discords have finite values in a zero magnetic field. The proposed approach may be useful in analysis of properties of particles with larger angular momentum, can provide the way to discover new physical phenomenon of quantum correlations, and can be a useful tool for similar definitions of other physical quantities of complex systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1850008
JournalInternational Journal of Quantum Information
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2018

Keywords

  • quadrupole interaction
  • quantum correlations
  • spin- 3/2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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