We present powder and single-crystal neutron diffraction and bulk measurements of the Kagomé-staircase compound Ni3 V2 O8 (NVO) in fields up to 8.5 T applied along the c direction. (The Kagomé plane is the a-c plane.) This system contains two types of Ni ions, which we call "spine" and "cross-tie." Our neutron measurements can be described with the paramagnetic space group Cmca for T<15 K and each observed magnetically ordered phase is characterized by the appropriate irreducible representation(s). Our zero-field measurements show that at TPH =9.1 K NVO undergoes a transition to a predominantly longitudinal incommensurate structure in which the spine spins are nearly along the a -axis. At THL =6.3 K, there is a transition to an elliptically polarized incommensurate structure with both spine and cross-tie moments in the a-b plane. At TLC =4 K the system undergoes a first-order phase transition to a commensurate antiferromagnetic structure with the staggered magnetization primarily along the a -axis and a weak ferromagnetic moment along the c -axis. A specific heat anomaly at T CC′ =2.3 K indicates an additional transition, which remarkably does not affect Bragg peaks of the commensurate C structure. Neutron, specific heat, and magnetization measurements produce a comprehensive temperature-field phase diagram. The symmetries of the incommensurate magnetic phases are consistent with the observation that only one phase is electrically polarized. The magnetic structures are explained theoretically using a simplified model Hamiltonian, that involves competing nearest- and next-nearest-neighbor exchange interactions, single-ion anisotropy, pseudodipolar interactions, and Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - 1 Aug 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics