Field measurements of beta ray energy spectra in CANDU nuclear generating stations

Y. S. Horowitz, C. R. Hirning, P. S. Yuen, M. S. Aikens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Field measurements of beta ray energy spectra have been carried out at various locations in CANDU nuclear generating stations operated by Ontario Hydro. The beta ray energy spectrometer consists of a 5 cm diameter x 2 cm thick BC-404 plastic scintillator situated behind a 100 μm thick, totally depleted, silicon detector. Photon events are rejected by requiring a coincidence between the two detectors. The spectrometer is capable of measuring electron energies from 125 keV to 3.5 MeV. Beta ray energy spectra have been measured for uncontaminated and contaminated fueling machine components, fueling machine swipes and a reactor containment vault. The degree of protection afforded by various articles of protective clothing has also been investigated for the various fueling machine components. Monte Carlo calculations have been used to estimate beta factors for 100 mg.cm-2 and 240 mg.cm-2 LiF-TLD chips, which are used as 'skin- and 'extremity' dosemeters in the Ontario Hydro Radiation Dosimetry Programme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-249
Number of pages11
JournalRadiation Protection Dosimetry
Volume51
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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