Final report

Tuvia Friling (Editor), Radu Ioanid (Editor), Mihail E Ionescu (Editor), Élie Wiesel

Research output: Book/ReportBook


The International Commission on the Holocaust in Romania was established in October 2003 on the initiative of Ion Iliescu, the President of Romania; this final report was presented to him in November 2004. The aim of the Commission was to research the facts and determine the truth about the Holocaust in Romania during World War II. The report examines various aspects of the state-organized participation of Romania in the mass murder of Jews in Romania and in Romanian-controlled territories, as well as in northern Transylvania where the genocide was perpetrated by the Nazis and their Hungarian allies. Inter alia, it discusses antisemitism and the evolution of Romanian anti-Jewish policies from the late 1930s to 1944, the impact of the Soviet annexation of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina on antisemitism in Romania, anti-Jewish incidents in 1940 and the pogroms in Bucharest and Iaşi, mass murders of Jews in the recaptured provinces and deportation to Transnistria in 1941, mass murder of Jews in Odessa and in Transnistrian camps, the "Romanianization" of the economy and the expropriation of Romanian Jews, the reaction of the Jewish community in Romania to anti-Jewish policies, and the personal responsibility of Ion Antonescu for the genocide. Relates, also, to war crimes trials held in Romania, and to the trivialization of the Holocaust and its "selective" and outright denial in postwar Romania.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationBucuresti, Romania
Commissioning bodyWiesel Commission
Number of pages415
ISBN (Print)9736819868, 9736819892, 9789736819865, 9789736819896
StatePublished - 2005


  • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Romania
  • Antisemitism -- Romania
  • Jews -- Persecutions -- Romania
  • World War, 1939-1945 -- Romania


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