Diffusing Alpha-emitters Radiation Therapy (DaRT) is a new method for treating solid tumors using alpha particles. Unlike conventional radiotherapy, where the physical models for dose calculations are known and routinely used, for DaRT a new framework, called the Diffusion-Leakage (DL) model, had to be developed. In this work we provide a detailed description of a finite-element numerical scheme for solving the time-dependent DL model equations for cylindrical DaRT sources (``seeds'') of finite diameter and length in two dimensions. Using a fully-implicit scheme and adaptive time step, this approach allows to accurately follow temporal transients ranging from seconds to days. In addition to the full two-dimensional calculation, we further provide a closed-form approximation and a simple one-dimensional scheme to solve the equations for infinitely-long cylindrical sources. These simpler solutions can be used both to validate the two-dimensional code and to enable efficient parameter scans to study the properties of DaRT seed lattices. We compare these approximations to the full 2D solution over the relevant parameter space, providing guidelines on their usability and limitations.
|State||Published - 1 Nov 2021|
- Physics - Medical Physics