First record of Leishmania braziliensis presence detected in bats, Mato Grosso do Sul, southwest Brazil

Julie Teresa Shapiro, Manoel Sebastião da Costa Lima Junior, Maria Elizabeth Cavalheiros Dorval, Adriana de Oliveira França, Maria de Fatima Cepa Matos, Marcelo Oscar Bordignon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Leishmaniasis, a zoonotic disease caused by parasites of the genus Leishmania, has expanded beyond its natural range and is becoming increasingly urban. Using PCR and PCR-RFLP, we detected Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis in two bats (Chiroptera) in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, an endemic area. This is the first record of L. (V.) braziliensis in bats. It is also the first record of any Leishmania sp. in bats in the state. The animals testing positive were found in both a rural site and an urban site. These results indicate the need for further research into the viability of Leishmania in bats and could potentially have implications for public health in Mato Grosso do Sul, given the large populations of urban bats, their mobility, and their ability to roost at close proximity to humans within residences and other buildings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-174
Number of pages4
JournalActa Tropica
Volume128
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Glossophaga soricina
  • Leishmania braziliensis
  • Molossus molossus
  • Urbanization
  • Zoonoses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Veterinary (miscellaneous)
  • Insect Science
  • Infectious Diseases

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