Flagship individuals in biodiversity conservation

Ivan Jarić, Iran C. Normande, Ugo Arbieu, Franck Courchamp, Sarah L. Crowley, Jonathan M. Jeschke, Uri Roll, Kate Sherren, Laura Thomas-Walters, Diogo Veríssimo, Richard J. Ladle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Flagship species are an important tool for mobilizing support for conservation. Here, we extend this concept to include individual organisms, whose characteristics, fates, and connections to people can garner public attention, attract conservation support, and spur activism. Flagship individuals typically share a similar suite of characteristics, including (1) species-level traits associated with charisma; (2) individual traits that are unique or distinctive; (3) a high degree of exposure to humans; and (4) a known, noteworthy life history or fate. The interplay between these characteristics and human agency establishes unique connections between flagship individuals and people, and generates widespread media attention. We discuss how the selection and promotion of flagship individuals can inspire empathy and, ultimately, conservation action. Finally, we identify the limitations of the flagship individual approach, while arguing that, if carefully and strategically implemented, it has the potential to produce substantial benefits for conservation policy and practice.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2599
JournalFrontiers in Ecology and the Environment
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology


Dive into the research topics of 'Flagship individuals in biodiversity conservation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this