Fluorescence interferometry: Principles and applications in biology

Alberto Bilenca, Jing Cao, Max Colice, Aydogan Ozcan, Brett Bouma, Laurel Raftery, Guillermo Tearney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


The use of fluorescence radiation is of fundamental importance for tackling measurement problems in the life sciences, with recent demonstrations of probing biological systems at the nanoscale. Usually, fluorescent light-based tools and techniques use the intensity of light waves, which is easily measured by detectors. However, the phase of a fluorescence wave contains subtle, but no less important, information about the wave; yet, it has been largely unexplored. Here, we introduce the concept of fluorescence interferometry to allow the measurement of phase information of fluorescent light waves. In principle, fluorescence interferometry can be considered a unique form of optical low-coherence interferometry that uses fluorophores as a light source of low temporal coherence. Fluorescence interferometry opens up new avenues for developing new fluorescent light-based imaging, sensing, ranging, and profiling methods that to some extent resemble interferometric techniques based on white light sources. We propose two experimental realizations of fluorescence interferometry that detect the interference pattern cast by the fluorescence fields. This article discusses their measurement capabilities and limitations and compares them with those offered by optical low-coherence interferometric schemes. We also describe applications of fluorescence interferometry to imaging, ranging, and profiling tasks and present experimental evidences of wide-field cross-sectional imaging with high resolution and large range of depth, as well as quantitative profiling with nanometer-level precision. Finally, we point out future research directions in fluorescence interferometry, such as fluorescence tomography of whole organisms and the extension to molecular interferometry by means of quantum dots and bioluminescence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-77
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Fluorescence
  • Fluorescence coherence tomography
  • Interferometry
  • Nanoscale profiling
  • Tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • History and Philosophy of Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Fluorescence interferometry: Principles and applications in biology'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this