Fluoride salts as supersonic nozzle materials for hot fluorine

Tommy Ericson, Kyle Copeland, Mark Keil, Y. Apelblat, Y. B. Fan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


An intense supersonic beam of atomic fluorine has been generated using nozzles fabricated from single-crystal CaF2 and MgF2. The latter material has been tested up to 1000°C with no observable damage. This is >250°C hotter than previously achieved, increasing the atomic beam intensity by >5×.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3587-3588
Number of pages2
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Dec 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation


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