Foam self-clarification phenomenon: An experimental Investigation

I. Shreiber, G. Ben-Dor, A. Britan, V. Feklistov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


This paper is focused on the capabilities of gas-liquid foams to attenuate acoustic waves. It is postulated that the sound attenuation phenomenon in foams is largely governed by the hydrodynamic resistance of the Plateau-Gibbs channels (PGC) to the flow of liquid through them. It is shown that the addition of solid particles to gas-liquid foams has opposite effects depending on the concentration of the added solid particles. As long as the concentration of the added solid particles is smaller than a certain critical value the sound attenuation coefficient increases and as a result in the sound velocity decreases. However, if the concentration of the added solid particles becomes larger than this critical value the attenuation coefficient decreases and the sound velocity increases. When the concentration of the solid particles reaches some critical value, the particles block the Plateau-Gibbs channels and stop the filtration. As a result the attenuation coefficient of the sound wave decreases while the sound velocity, in such three-phase foams, increases. The point at which the sound wave stops attenuating and its velocity starts to increase is known as the point of self-clarification. Based on this postulate and on the results of our preliminary tests the present study provides a plausible explanation to the above-mentioned contradicting effect, and the self- clarification phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-204
Number of pages6
JournalShock Waves
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2006


  • Acoustic wave attenuation
  • Plateau-Gibbs channels
  • Solid particle-laden aqueous foams
  • Sound attenuation


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