FOOD: Fast Out-Of-Distribution Detector

Guy Amit, Moshe Levy, Ishai Rosenberg, Asaf Shabtai, Yuval Elovici

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Deep neural networks (DNNs) perform well at classifying inputs associated with the classes they have been trained on, which are known as in-distribution inputs. However, out-of-distribution (OOD) inputs pose a great challenge to DNNs and consequently represent a major risk when DNNs are implemented in safety-critical systems. Extensive research has been performed in the domain of OOD detection. However, current state-of-the-art methods for OOD detection suffer from at least one of the following limitations: (1) increased inference time - this limits existing methods' applicability to many real-world applications, and (2) the need for OOD training data - such data can be difficult to acquire and may not be representative enough, thus limiting the ability of the OOD detector to generalize. In this paper, we propose FOOD - Fast Out-Of-Distribution detector - an extended DNN classifier capable of efficiently detecting OOD samples with minimal inference time overhead. Our architecture features a DNN with a final Gaussian layer combined with the log likelihood ratio statistical test and an additional output neuron for OOD detection. Instead of using real OOD data, we use a novel method to craft artificial OOD samples from in-distribution data, which are used to train our OOD detector neuron. We evaluate FOOD's detection performance on the SVHN, CIFAR-10, and CIFAR-100 datasets. Our results demonstrate that in addition to achieving state-of-the-art performance, FOOD is fast and applicable to real-world applications.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIJCNN 2021 - International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
ISBN (Electronic)9780738133669
StatePublished - 18 Jul 2021
Event2021 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, IJCNN 2021 - Virtual, Shenzhen, China
Duration: 18 Jul 202122 Jul 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Joint Conference on Neural Networks


Conference2021 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, IJCNN 2021
CityVirtual, Shenzhen


  • Neural network
  • Out-of-Distribution
  • Representations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Artificial Intelligence


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