Formation of long-term locomotor memories is associated with functional connectivity changes in the cerebellar-thalamic-cortical network

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26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although motor adaptation is typically rapid, accumulating evidence shows that it is also associated with long-lasting behavioral and neuronal changes. Two processes were suggested to explain the formation of long-term motor memories: recall, reflecting a retrieval of previous motor actions, and faster relearning, reflecting an increased sensitivity to errors. Although these manifestations of motor memories were initially demonstrated in the context of adaptation experiments in reaching, indications of long-term motor memories were also demonstrated recently in other kinds of adaptation such as in locomotor adaptation. Little is known about the neural processes that underlie these distinct aspects of memory. We hypothesize that recall and faster relearning reflect different learning processes that operate at the same time and depend on different neuronal networks. Seventeen subjects performed a multisession locomotor adaptation experiment in the laboratory, together with resting-state and localizer fMRI scans, after the baseline and the locomotor adaptation sessions. We report a modulation of the cerebellar-thalamiccortical and cerebellarbasal ganglia networks after locomotor adaptation. Interestingly, whereas thalamiccortical baseline connectivity was correlated with recall, cerebellar-thalamic baseline connectivity was correlated with faster relearning. Our results suggest that separate neuronal networks underlie error sensitivity and retrieval components. Individual differences in baseline resting-state connectivity can predict idiosyncratic combination of these components.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-361
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 11 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Cerebellum-thalamic-M1 network
  • Functional connectivity
  • Locomotor adaptation
  • Long-term memory
  • Resting-state fMRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (all)

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