Foveal Contour: Presence versus Complete Absence as a Prognostic Factor in Epiretinal Membrane Surgery

Shilo Voichanski, Joseph Pikkel, Chedva S. Weiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: The study explains the presence versus complete absence of the foveal contour on optical coherence tomography (OCT) image as predictor of improvement in visual acuity (VA) following epiretinal membrane removal surgery. Methods: We conducted a retrospective observational study in which 100 eyes that underwent vitrectomy for epiretinal membrane, with preoperative and postoperative VA and OCT, were analyzed. The study population was categorized into four groups based on the preoperational presence of a foveal contour and an intraocular lens implantation. Results: The most significant improvement in VA was found among eyes lacking a foveal contour. Pseudo-phakic eyes demonstrated greater improvement than phakic. The smallest improvement was documented in pseudo-phakic eyes with a foveal contour. Phakic eyes that had a foveal contour showed deterioration in VA. Among eyes that lacked foveal contour, the fraction of eyes with improved VA was only slightly larger than among pseudo-phakic eyes during midterm follow-up and no difference was observed at long-term follow-up. Among eyes with foveal contour, the fraction with improved VA was significantly larger among pseudo-phakic eyes. This difference became more prominent over long-term follow-up. Regardless of the presence of foveal contour, the fraction of patients whose VA worsened was greater among those with phakic versus pseudo-phakic eyes, and this difference increased during long-term follow-up. No correlation was found between the central macular thickness and the VA. Conclusion: Complete lack of foveal contour is positively correlated with greater improvement in postoperative VA. The presence of an intraocular lens contributes to improvement in VA, especially among patients with foveal contour.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-31
Number of pages8
JournalOphthalmologica
Volume246
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Epiretinal membrane surgery
  • Foveal contour

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems
  • Ophthalmology

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