François Stanislas Cloez

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François Stanislas Cloez (1803-1881), French pharmacist, pioneer in the chemistry and physiology of plants, analytical chemistry, and organic chemistry, studied the respiration mechanism of aquatic plants, the absorption of nitrogen by plants, soil nitrification, photosynthesis of colored leaves, the poisons of toads and salamanders, discovered the first ethyleneamines (ethylenediamine, diethylenediamine, and triethylenediamine), isolated and identified eucalyptol, the main component of eucalyptus oil, synthesized cyanamide (together with
Cannizzaro), trichloracetamide, the first chlorinated acetamide, made a detailed analysis of the famous Orgueil meteor, designed an apparatus for the continuous washing of pulverulent or gelatinous materials, etc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-68
Number of pages12
JournalRevista CENIC Ciencias Biológicas
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2017


  • agricultural chemistry
  • analytical chemistry
  • eucalyptus
  • mineral chemistry
  • nitrification
  • nutmeg
  • Orgueil meteor
  • ozone
  • plant physiology
  • plant respiration
  • pollen
  • tung oil


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