FREE BERTINI'S THEOREM and APPLICATIONS

Jurij Voľcǐc

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The simplest version of Bertini's irreducibility theorem states that the generic fiber of a noncomposite polynomial function is an irreducible hypersurface. The main result of this paper is its analog for a free algebra: If f is a noncommutative polynomial such that f-λ factors for infinitely many scalars λ, then there exist a noncommutative polynomial h and a nonconstant univariate polynomial p such that f = p ? h. Two applications of free Bertini's theorem for matrix evaluations of noncommutative polynomials are given. An eigenlevel set of f is the set of all matrix tuples X where f(X) attains some given eigenvalue. It is shown that eigenlevel sets of f and g coincide if and only if fa = ag for some nonzero noncommutative polynomial a. The second application pertains to quasiconvexity and describes polynomials f such that the connected component of {X tuple of symmetric n × n matrices: λI_f(X)} about the origin is convex for all natural n and λ > 0. It is shown that such a polynomial is either everywhere negative semidefinite or the composition of a univariate and a convex quadratic polynomial.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3661-3671
Number of pages11
JournalProceedings of the American Mathematical Society
Volume148
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bertini's theorem
  • Composition
  • Factorization
  • Free algebra
  • Noncommutative polynomial
  • Quasiconvex polynomial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics (all)
  • Applied Mathematics

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