From OXALID to GlobaLID: Introducing a modern and FAIR lead isotope database with an interactive application

Sabine Klein, Thomas Rose, Katrin J. Westner, Yiu Kang Hsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Lead isotope provenance studies of archaeological artefacts rely crucially on the availability of reference data from raw material sources. The OXALID database, a collection of Excel sheets with Pb isotope data of ores and artefacts, is still the most cited data source in archaeometry. However, OXALID has not been updated for several years and contains almost exclusively data from Europe, particularly from the Mediterranean area. Digitalisation and open science philosophy currently revolutionise the use of machine-generated data by developing digital data infrastructures. A modernised Pb isotope reference database, which is tailored for, but not limited to archaeometric research, is hence overdue. Here, we introduce GlobaLID, a FAIR (findable, accessible, interoperable, reusable) and extendable database and a web application with interactive and statistical tools for user-friendly data handling up to publication quality. GlobaLID aims to be a collection point for worldwide Pb isotope data. It is designed as research infrastructure for Pb isotope studies in (for example) archaeometry, ore deposit and environmental geochemistry. As a community engagement project, GlobaLID invites scientists around the world to become active contributors to enable GlobaLID’s rapid growth. We released GlobaLID as a pilot study to showcase the infrastructure we build and provide a starting point for community discussion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)935-950
Number of pages16
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2022


  • archaeometallurgy
  • lead isotopes
  • ore
  • provenance studies
  • reference database
  • research infrastructure
  • shiny app

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • Archaeology


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