From the Great Moderation to the Global Crisis: Exchange Market Pressure in the 2000s

Joshua Aizenman, Jaewoo Lee, Vladyslav Sushko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

We study exchange market pressures (EMP) and using international reserves by emerging markets (EMs) during the 2000s. We find that financial considerations dominated trade factors. The impact of gross short-term external debt quintuples during the crisis. Capital outflows and deleveraging was the force behind EMP rise during the global financial crisis. Greater FDI (greater portfolio debt) inflows prior to the crisis were associated with a lower (higher) crisis EMP, respectively. The severity of the financial shock was exacerbated by financial ties to the U. S., while the trade shock was more severe in EMs with a larger commodity export share.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)597-621
Number of pages25
JournalOpen Economies Review
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Exchange market pressure
  • Financial and trade factors
  • Global crisis
  • International reserves

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