Fruit load governs transpiration of olive trees

Amnon Bustan, Arnon Dag, Uri Yermiyahu, Ran Erel, Eugene Presnov, Nurit Agam, Dilia Kool, Joost Iwema, Isaac Zipori, Alon Ben-Gal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


We tested the hypothesis that whole-tree water consumption of olives (Olea europaea L.) is fruit load-dependent and investigated the driving physiological mechanisms. Fruit load was manipulated in mature olives grown in weighing-drainage lysimeters. Fruit was thinned or entirely removed from trees at three separate stages of growth: early, mid and late in the season. Tree-scale transpiration, calculated from lysimeter water balance, was found to be a function of fruit load, canopy size and weather conditions. Fruit removal caused an immediate decline in water consumption, measured as whole-plant transpiration normalized to tree size, which persisted until the end of the season. The later the execution of fruit removal, the greater was the response. The amount of water transpired by a fruit-loaded tree was found to be roughly 30% greater than that of an equivalent low- or nonyielding tree. The tree-scale response to fruit was reflected in stem water potential but was not mirrored in leaf-scale physiological measurements of stomatal conductance or photosynthesis. Trees with low or no fruit load had higher vegetative growth rates. However, no significant difference was observed in the overall aboveground dry biomass among groups, when fruit was included. This case, where carbon sources and sinks were both not limiting, suggests that the role of fruit on water consumption involves signaling and alterations in hydraulic properties of vascular tissues and tree organs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)380-391
Number of pages12
JournalTree Physiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2016


  • Olea europaea
  • photosynthesis
  • stomatal regulation
  • vegetative growth
  • water potential
  • yield

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science


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