Fulminant streptococcal myositis

A. Schattner, E. Hay, B. Lifschitz-Mercer, S. Gorbacz, Z. Bentwich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


A previously healthy 70-year-old woman was hospitalized for acute pain and edema of her right leg. Deep vein thrombosis was suspected, and she was put on anticoagulant therapy. Ten hours later, she developed a massive swelling of the leg with a well-demarcated violaceous discoloration of the skin and hemorrhagic bullae. She was in deep shock with signs of disseminated intravascular coagulation and adult respiratory distress syndrome. Gram stain of an aspirate from the bullae revealed short chains of Gram-positive cocci, and multiple blood cultures showed abundant growth of Streptococcus pyogenes. Despite intensive treatment, the patient died within hours. Autopsy findings showed extensive pyomyonecrosis of the leg muscles and changes secondary to septicemia. The misleading initial clinical picture and the rarity of this disease entity in temperate climates delayed the correct diagnosis and resulted in a fatal outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)320-322
Number of pages3
JournalAnnals of Emergency Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1989
Externally publishedYes


  • streptococcal myositis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine


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