Functional electrical stimulation of the upper limb: Charting the forearm surface

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Electrical stimulation is carried out by surface electrodes, placed at grid points over the forearm surface. Three orthogonal components of the isometric moment generated at the wrist joint are measured and these moment vectors are charted. The charts reveal both qualitative and quantitative information on the magnitude and direction of the resultant moment vector generated, as a function of the stimulation current level, and the electrode positioning. Clearly defined plateaux of unidirectional moment vectors are found to exist. These are analysed in greater detail.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)729-736
Number of pages8
JournalMedical and Biological Engineering and Computing
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Nov 1979


  • F.E.S.
  • Isometric
  • Joint moments
  • Muscles
  • Upper limb

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


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