Functionalized metal oxide nanoparticles for efficient dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs): A review

D. Kishore Kumar, Jan Kříž, N. Bennett, Baixin Chen, H. Upadhayaya, Kakarla Raghava Reddy, Veera Sadhu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations


Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) are a next-generation photovoltaic energy conversion technology due to their low cost, ability to fabrication on various substrates, structural modifications, excellent transparency, photovoltaic output and its potential applications in wearable devices, energy sustainable buildings, solar-powered windows, etc. DSSC working devices consist of components such as conductive oxide substrates, photoanodes with wide bandgap semiconductors, dye molecules (sensitizers), counter electrodes and redox electrolytes, etc. High-efficiency DSSC devices can be fabricated suitable functionalization of semiconducting metal oxides with quantum dots, organic conjugated polymers, etc. In this review, we discuss different photovoltaic technologies, working principles of DSSCs, fabrication process of devices using various novel inorganic nanostructured materials, influencing parameters on the performance of DSC-device such as photoconversion efficiency (PCE), short circuit current (Jsc), open-circuit voltage (Voc) and fill factor (FF).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)472-481
Number of pages10
JournalMaterials Science for Energy Technologies
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • DSSC-device parameters
  • Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs)
  • Photovoltaics
  • Quantum dots
  • Semiconducting metal oxides
  • Sensitizers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Fuel Technology


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