Fundamental limits for coherent manipulation on atom chips

C. Henkel, P. Krüger, R. Folman, J. Schmiedmayer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations


The limitations for the coherent manipulation of neutral atoms with fabricated solid-state devices, so-called 'atom chips', are addressed. Specifically, we examine the dominant decoherence mechanism, which is due to the magnetic noise originating from the surface of the atom chip. It is shown that the contribution of fluctuations in the chip wires at the shot-noise level is not negligible. We estimate the coherence times and discuss ways to increase them. Our main conclusion is that future advances should allow for coherence times as long as 1 s, a few μm away from the surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-182
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Physics B: Lasers and Optics
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Physics and Astronomy (all)


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