Further development of Raman Microprobe spectroscopy for characterization of char reactivity

Alon Zaida, Ezra Bar-Ziv, Ljubisa R. Radovic, Young Jae Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

115 Scopus citations


The effect of heat treatment on reactivity of cellulose char was investigated, using two methods: (1) Raman Microprobe spectroscopy analysis (RMA) and (2) thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The heat-treatment was in the temperature range of 600-2600°C, temperature prevailing in combustion of coal-chars. In the RMA, first- and second-order Raman spectra in the range of 800-2000 and 20003600 cm-1, respectively, were measured for all samples. In the first-order Raman spectra, the following bands have been observed: D band and G (at 1350 and 1590 cm-1 respectively), 1150 and 1450 cm-1. In the second-order Raman spectra, four bands have been observed at 2450, 2700, 2940 and 3250 cm-1. Both first- and second-order Raman spectra were fitted by Lorentzian functions. The Lorentzian parameters (bandwidth and intensity ratio) showed significant changes with heat treatment, which is consistent with structural modification. Also, from TGA experiments we observed the expected significant influence of heat treatment on char reactivity. Attempts were made to correlate the Lorentzian parameters with char reactivity. A good correlation was found between the 2940 cm-1 bandwidth in the second-order Raman spectrum and char reactivity, confirming the strong connection between char structure and its reactivity, and illustrating the usefulness of RMA in such studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1881-1887
Number of pages7
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Volume31 II
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2007
Event31st International Symposium on Combustion - Heidelberg, Germany
Duration: 5 Aug 200611 Aug 2006


  • Char
  • Heat treatment
  • Raman spectroscopy
  • Reactivity
  • Thermal analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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