Gate-diffusion input (GDI): A power-efficient method for digital combinatorial circuits

Arkadiy Morgenshtein, Alexander Fish, Israel A. Wagner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

284 Scopus citations


Gate diffusion input (GDI) - a new technique of low-power digital combinatorial circuit design - is described. This technique allows reducing power consumption, propagation delay, and area of digital circuits while maintaining low complexity of logic design. Performance comparison with traditional CMOS and various pass-transistor logic design techniques is presented. The different methods are compared with respect to the layout area, number of devices, delay, and power dissipation. Issues like technology compatibility, top-down design, and precomputing synthesis are discussed, showing advantages and drawbacks of GDI compared to other methods. Several logic circuits have been implemented in various design styles. Their properties are discussed, simulation results are reported, and measurements of a test chip are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)566-581
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2002


  • Analysis
  • CMOS
  • Delay
  • Digital
  • Low-power design
  • Performance
  • VLSI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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