Gate-voltage control of oxygen diffusion on graphene

Alejandro M. Suarez, Ljubisa R. Radovic, Ezra Bar-Ziv, Jorge O. Sofo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Scopus citations


We analyze the diffusion of oxygen atoms on graphene and its dependence on the carrier density controlled by a gate voltage. We use density functional theory to determine the equilibrium adsorption sites, the transition state, and the attempt frequency for different carrier densities. The ease of diffusion is strongly dependent on carrier density. For neutral graphene, we calculate a barrier of 0.73eV; however, upon electron doping the barrier decreases almost linearly to reach values as low as 0.15eV for densities of -7. 6×1013cm-2. This implies an increase of more than 9orders of magnitude in the diffusion coefficient at room temperature. This dramatic change is due to a combined effect of bonding reduction in the equilibrium state and bonding increase at the transition state and can be used to control the patterning of oxidized regions by an adequate variation of the gate voltage.

Original languageEnglish
Article number146802
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number14
StatePublished - 5 Apr 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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