Gender, Culture, and Social Support: A Male-Female, Israeli Jewish-Arab Comparison

Ayala Malach Pines, Nurit Zaidman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

Despite large bodies of research on gender, culture, and social support, very few studies have addressed all three. Aspects of 4 theoretical perspectives were used to derive (different) predictions about the role of gender and culture in the evaluation and utilization of social support: evolutionary, psychoanalytic, social role, and social construction theories. The predictions were tested in representative samples of the Jewish and Arab populations in Israel. Men and women were interviewed regarding the importance and availability of different support functions, the quality of different social networks, and the people to whom they would turn for support with different problems. Results demonstrate the universality of the need for support and a number of cultural and gender differences in its utilization. The results support different aspects of the 4 theories and suggest a need for more work on the mechanisms underlying the differences found. The results also demonstrate the value of studying the role of gender and culture in social support.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)571-586
Number of pages16
JournalSex Roles
Volume49
Issue number11-12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2003

Keywords

  • Arabs
  • Culture
  • Gender
  • Israelis
  • Jews
  • Social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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