The effects of interferon (IFN) on Fc receptor-mediated phagocytosis, intracellular cAMP levels, antiviral activity, and growth inhibition were analyzed in a cloned macrophage-like cell line, J774.2, and variants derived from it. Purified IFN increased Fc receptor-mediated phagocytosis in J774.2 cells, and in cAMP-responsive nonphagocytic variants but was without effect in cAMP-unresponsive nonphagocytic variants, in adenylate cyclase-deficient variants, and in cAMP-dependent protein kinase-deficient variants. Under conditions in which IFN augmented phagocytosis, it increased intracellular levels of cAMP. Parental cells were highly sensitive to IFN-mediated growth inhibition. In contrast, cAMP-dependent protein kinase-deficient variants were only 1/100th as sensitive to growth inhibition by IFN. All cell lines tested, both responsive and unresponsive to cAMP, were equally protected by IFN against infection with vesicular stomatitis virus, demonstrating that the antiviral state was independent of cAMP. These results indicate that, in transformed macrophages, stimulation of phagocytosis and inhibition of growth by IFN are mediated through intracellular cAMP, whereas the antiviral state induced by IFN is independent of cAMP.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Issue number||6 I|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 1982|
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