Genome-wide profiling of drought-tolerant Arabidopsis plants over-expressing chickpea MT1 gene reveals transcription factors implicated in stress modulation

Sanoj Kumar, Ankita Yadav, Nasreen Bano, Arvind Kumar Dubey, Rita Verma, Ankesh Pandey, Anil Kumar, Sumit Bag, Sudhakar Srivastava, Indraneel Sanyal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Drought, a major abiotic limiting factor, could be modulated with in-built reprogramming of plants at molecular level by regulating the activity of plant developmental processes, stress endurance and adaptation. The transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana over-expressing metallothionein 1 (MT1) gene of desi chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) was subjected to transcriptome analysis. We evaluated drought tolerance of 7 days old plants of Arabidopsis thaliana in both wild-type (WT) as well as transgenic plants and performed transcriptome analysis. Our analysis revealed 24,737 transcripts representing 24,594 genes out of which 5,816 were differentially expressed genes (DEGs) under drought conditions and 841 genes were common in both genotypes. A total of 1251 DEGs in WT and 2099 in MT1 were identified in comparison with control. Out of the significant DEGs, 432 and 944 were upregulated, whereas 819 and 1155 were downregulated in WT and MT1 plants, respectively. The physiological and molecular parameters involving germination assay, root length measurements under different stress treatments and quantitative expression analysis of transgenic plants in comparison to wild-type were found to be enhanced. CarMT1 plants also demonstrated modulation of various other stress-responsive genes that reprogrammed themselves for stress adaptation. Amongst various drought-responsive genes, 24 DEGs showed similar quantitative expression as obtained through RNA sequencing data. Hence, these modulatory genes could be used as a genetic tool for understanding and delineating the mechanisms for fine-tuning of stress responses in crop plants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-170
Number of pages18
JournalFunctional and Integrative Genomics
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2022

Keywords

  • Abiotic stress
  • Arabidopsis thaliana
  • Drought
  • Heterologous expression
  • Metallothionein
  • Transcriptome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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