Geochemical characterization of contemporary fine detritus in the Dead Sea watershed

Daniel Palchan, Yigal Erel, Mordechai Stein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Reconstruction of paleo-synoptic conditions (e.g. past atmospheric circulation) involves tracing the origins and routes of transport of particles comprising eolian archives (i.e., desert dust). Lacustrine deposits that accumulated in the Quaternary lakes filling the Dead Sea Basin include remobilized eolian desert dust that was washed to the lakes by floods. Here, we analyze the mineralogical, chemical compositions (e.g. Mg/Al ratios) and 87Sr/86Sr and 143Nd/144Nd (εNd values) isotope ratios of fine siliciclastic particles that form the modern surface cover of the Dead Sea watershed (e.g., loess, mountain soils) and flood particles that are mobilized to the lake during distinct synoptic conditions. The data comprises reference data set that can be used for paleo-synoptic interpretation enhancing our ability to decipher the paleoclimate history during the Quaternary in the Levant. The εNd values and 87Sr/86Sr ratios of the fine detritus lie between −8 and −6 and 0.7035 to 0.7188 reflecting the values of erosional products of granitoids that are exposed in the Sahara and Arabia deserts, and (the unradiogenic Sr) from local soils in the Dead Sea watershed. Particles with low Mg/Al ratios (i.e., 0.17–0.31) are transported by the western winds associated with the Mediterranean cyclones, transporting dust from the Sahara, while particles with high Mg/Al ratios (0.27–0.68) are associated with storms blowing dusts from east to the Dead Sea watershed (Saudi Arabia and Syrian deserts) during Red Sea Trough synoptic conditions. Fine particles blown from the Sahara deserts during winter storms, are rapidly washed to the lake by subsequent floods. Whereas the particles blown during dry storms associated with Red Sea Trough synoptic conditions, accumulate on the surface of the Dead Sea watershed and can be washed later to the lake during extensive rain events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-42
Number of pages13
JournalChemical Geology
Volume494
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Sep 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dead Sea
  • Dead Sea watershed
  • Floods
  • Geochemical characterization
  • Levant dust
  • Mg/Al ratio
  • Nd and Sr isotopes
  • Synoptic conditions
  • Tracing dust sources

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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