Geometrical characteristics and efficiency of textile fabrics for reinforcing cement composites

Alva Peled, Arnon Bentur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

104 Scopus citations


One of the most efficient ways to obtain a high performance cementitious composite is by reinforcement with continuous fibers. Production of such composites can readily be based on the use of textile fabrics, which are impregnated with cement paste or mortar. The present paper discusses the bulk properties and geometrical characteristics of textile fabrics that should be considered in order to predict the performance of cement composites reinforced with fabrics. Geometrical characteristics are the nature of the basic reinforcing unit in the fabric (yarn) and the various geometries by which these yarns are combined together in the fabric (weft insertion warp knitted, short weft warp knitted, and woven fabrics). It was found that the geometry of a given fabric could enhance the bonding and enable one to obtain strain hardening behavior from low modulus yarn fabrics. On the other hand, variations of the geometry in a fabric could drastically reduce the efficiency, resulting in a reduced strengthening effect of the yarns in the fabric relative to single yarns not in a fabric form. The improved bonding in low modulus yarn was found to be mainly the result of the special shape of the yarn induced by the fabric. Therefore, in cement composites, the fabrics cannot be viewed simply as a means for holding together continuous yarns so that they can be readily placed in the matrix.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)781-790
Number of pages10
JournalCement and Concrete Research
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science (all)


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