Global dynamics of Nicholson-type delay systems with applications

L. Berezansky, L. Idels, L. Troib

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

Models of marine protected areas and B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia dynamics that belong to the Nicholson-type delay differential systems are proposed. To study the global stability of the Nicholson-type models we construct an exponentially stable linear system such that its solution is a solution of the nonlinear model. Explicit conditions of the existence of positive global solutions, lower and upper estimations of solutions, and the existence and uniqueness of a positive equilibrium were obtained. New results, obtained for the global stability and instability of equilibria solutions, extend known results for the scalar Nicholson models. The conditions for the stability test are quite practical, and the methods developed are applicable to the modeling of a broad spectrum of biological processes. To illustrate our finding, we study the dynamics of the fish populations in Marine Protected Areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)436-445
Number of pages10
JournalNonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2011

Keywords

  • B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) dynamics
  • Equilibria
  • Global and local stability
  • Marine protected area (MPA)
  • Nicholson-type delay differential systems
  • Permanence
  • Population dynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analysis
  • Engineering (all)
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (all)
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Global dynamics of Nicholson-type delay systems with applications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this