Glucose variability is a marker for COVID-19 severity and mortality

Ran Abuhasira, Alon Grossman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: We aimed to investigate the association between glucose coefficient of variation (CV) and mortality and disease severity in hospitalized patients with coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19). Subjects and methods: Retrospective cohort study in a tertiary center of patients with COVID-19 admitted to designated departments between March 11th, 2020, and November 2nd, 2020. We divided patients based on quartiles of glucose CV after stratification to those with and without diabetes mellitus (DM). Main outcomes were length of stay and in-hospital mortality. Results: The cohort included 565 patients with a mean age of 67.71 ± 15.45 years, and 62.3% were male. Of the entire cohort, 44.4% had DM. The median glucose CV was 32.8% and 20.5% in patients with and without DM, respectively. In patients with DM, higher glucose CV was associated with a longer hospitalization in the unadjusted model (OR = 2.7, 95% CI [1.3,5.6] for Q4), and when adjusted for age, sex, comorbidities, and laboratory markers, this association was no longer statistically significant (OR = 1.3, 95% CI [0.4,4.5] for Q4). In patients with and without DM, higher glucose CV was associated with higher rates of in-hospital mortality in the unadjusted model, but adjustment for comorbidities and laboratory markers eliminated the association (OR = 0.5, 95% CI [0.1,3.4] for Q4 in patients with DM). Conclusion: Higher glucose CV was associated with increased in-hospital mortality and length of stay, but this association disappeared when the adjustment included laboratory result data. Glucose CV can serve as a simple and cheap marker for mortality and severity of disease in patients with COVID-19. Arch Endocrinol Metab. 2022;66(6):856-62.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)856-862
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of endocrinology and metabolism
Volume66
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Glucose variability
  • hyperglycemia hospital management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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