Glycaemic control in the paediatric and young adult population with type 1 diabetes following a single telehealth visit - what have we learned from the COVID-19 lockdown?

Marianna Rachmiel, Yael Lebenthal, Kineret Mazor-Aronovitch, Avivit Brener, Noa Levek, Neria Levran, Efrat Chorna, Michal Dekel, Galia Barash, Zohar Landau, Orit Pinhas-Hamiel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: Children with chronic diseases were unable to receive their usual care during COVID-19 lockdown. We assessed the feasibility and impact of telehealth visits on the time-in-range (TIR) of paediatric individuals with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Methods: An observational multicentre real-life study. Patients scheduled for an in-clinic visit during the lockdown were offered to participate in a telehealth visit. Sociodemographic, clinical, continuous glucose monitor and pump data were recorded 2 weeks prior and 2 weeks after telehealth visit. The primary endpoint was change in relative-TIR, i.e. change in TIR divided by the percent of possible change (∆TIR/(100-TIRbefore)*100). Results: The study group comprised 195 individuals with T1D (47.7% males), mean±SD age 14.6 ± 5.3 years, and diabetes duration 6.0 ± 4.6 years. Telehealth was accomplished with 121 patients and their parents (62.0%); 74 (38.0%) did not transfer complete data. Mean TIR was significantly higher for the two-week period after the telehealth visit than for the two-week period prior the visit (62.9 ± 16.0, p < 0.001 vs. 59.0 ± 17.2); the improvement in relative-TIR was 5.7±26.1%. Initial higher mean glucose level, lower TIR, less time spent at <54 mg/dl range, longer time spent at 180–250 mg/dl range, higher daily insulin dose, and single-parent household were associated with improved relative-TIR. Multiple regression logistic analysis demonstrated only initial lower TIR and single-parent household were significant, odds ratio: −0.506, (95%CI −0.99,−0.023), p=0.04 and 13.82, (95%CI 0.621, 27.016), p=0.04, respectively. Conclusions: Paediatric and young adult patients with T1D benefited from a telehealth visit during COVID-19. However, this modality is not yet suitable for a considerable proportion of patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)697-705
Number of pages9
JournalActa Diabetologica
Volume58
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • CGM metrics
  • Children
  • Telehealth
  • Telemedicine
  • Time-in-range

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Glycaemic control in the paediatric and young adult population with type 1 diabetes following a single telehealth visit - what have we learned from the COVID-19 lockdown?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this