A four-year-old Israeli Arab boy was found to have glycogen accumulation in both liver and muscle without clinical symptoms. Liver phosphorylase kinase (PK) activity was 20% of normal, resulting in undetectable activity of phosphorylase a. Muscle PK activity was about 25% of normal, resulting in a marked decrease of phosphorylase a activity. Two sisters showed a similar pattern, whereas one brother had normal PK activity. The patient’s liver protein kinase activity was normal. Addition of exogenous protein kinase did not affect PK activity, whereas exogenous PK restored phosphorylase activity to normal. These findings indicate that these patients are affected by a rare variant of PK deficiency, which involves both muscle and liver and which apparently is not sex linked. It is possible that this defect represents an unusual mutation of a subunit of the phosphorylase kinase enzyme. Speculation: Various mutations of the gene coding for phosphorylase kinase are located on different chromosomes, leading to specific tissue involvements and different modes of inheritance.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health