Grape berry position affects the diurnal dynamics of its metabolic profile

Noam Reshef, Aaron Fait, Nurit Agam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Solar irradiance and air temperature are characterized by dramatic circadian fluctuations and are known to significantly modulate fruit composition. To date, it remains unclear whether the abrupt, yet predictive, diurnal changes in radiation and temperature prompt direct metabolic turn-over in the fruit. We assessed the role of fruit insolation, air temperature, and source-tissue CO2 assimilation in the diurnal compositional changes in ripening grape berries. This was performed by comparing the diurnal changes in metabolite profiles of berries positioned such that they experienced (a) contrasting diurnal solar irradiance patterns, and (b) similar irradiance but contrasting diurnal CO2 assimilation patterns of adjacent leaves. Grape carbon levels increased during the morning and decreased thereafter. Sucrose levels decreased throughout the day and were correlated with air temperature, but not with the diurnal pattern of leaf CO2 assimilation. Tight correlation between sucrose and glucose-6-phosphate indicated the involvement of photorespiration/glycolysis in sucrose depletion. Amino acids, polyamines, and phenylpropanoids fluctuated diurnally, and were highly responsive to the diurnal insolation pattern of the fruit. Our results fill the knowledge gap regarding the circadian pattern of source-sink assimilate-translocation in grapevine. In addition, they suggest that short-term direct solar exposure of the fruit impacts both its diurnal and nocturnal metabolism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1897-1912
Number of pages16
JournalPlant, Cell and Environment
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2019


  • circadian cycle
  • diurnal metabolism
  • fruit metabolic profiling
  • fruit microclimate
  • fruit sunlight exposure
  • source/sink translocation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science


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