Avishai Ceder, Helman I. Stern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


A highly informative graphical technique for the problem of finding the least number of buses required to service a given schedule of trips is described. The purpose is to develop the methodology for variable bus scheduling in which trip departure times can vary within acceptable tolerances. This is a continuation of a research project concerned with the problem of fixed scheduling where the timetable of trips and length of trip times are fixed. The motivation for this study comes from the Israel National Bus Carrier, Egged, which is responsible for scheduling an average of 54,400 daily trips by about 5200 buses. Consequently, the research takes on a practical nature. The approach used is based on the deficit-function theory where the deficit function at time t defines the total number of trips that have departed from a given terminal k less the number of trips that have arrived at k up to and including time t.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-74
Number of pages6
JournalTransportation Research Record
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering


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