Groups of Coordinate Transformations between Accelerated Frames

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Abstract

The analysis of the present paper reveals that, besides the relativistic symmetry expressed by the Lorentz group of coordinate transformations which leave invariant the Minkowski metric of space-time of inertial frames, there exists one more relativistic symmetry expressed by a group of coordinate transformations leaving invariant the space-time metric of the frames with a constant proper-acceleration. It is remarkable that, in the flat space-time, only those two relativistic symmetries, corresponding to groups of continuous transformations leaving invariant the metric of space-time of extended rigid reference frames, exist. Therefore, the new relativistic symmetry should be considered on an equal footing with the Lorentz symmetry. The groups of transformations leaving invariant the metric of the space-time of constant proper-acceleration are determined using the Lie group analysis, supplemented by the requirement that the group include transformations to or from an inertial to an accelerated frame. Two-parameter groups of two-dimensional (1 + 1), three-dimensional (2 + 1), and four-dimensional (3 + 1) transformations, with the group parameters related to the ratio of accelerations of the frames and the relative velocity of the frame space origins at the initial moment, can be considered as counterparts of the Lorentz group of corresponding dimensions. Defining the form of the interval and the groups of coordinate transformations satisfying the relativity principle paves the way to defining the invariant forms of the laws of dynamics and electrodynamics in accelerated frames. Thus, the problem of extending the relativity principle from inertial to uniformly accelerated frames has been resolved without use of the equivalence principle and/or the general relativity equations. As an application of the transformations to purely kinematic phenomena, the problem of differential aging between accelerated twins is treated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1226
JournalSymmetry
Volume15
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2023

Keywords

  • Lie groups of transformations
  • accelerated frames
  • differential aging
  • relativistic invariance
  • relativity principle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • General Mathematics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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