Growth of sillenite Bi12FeO20 single crystals: structural, thermal, optical, photocatalytic features and first principle calculations

Durga Sankar Vavilapalli, Ambrose A. Melvin, F. Bellarmine, Ramanjaneyulu Mannam, Srihari Velaga, Himanshu K. Poswal, Ambesh Dixit, M. S. Ramachandra Rao, Shubra Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ideal sillenite type Bi12FeO20 (BFO) micron sized single crystals have been successfully grown via inexpensive hydrothermal method. The refined single crystal X-ray diffraction data reveals cubic Bi12FeO20 structure with single crystal parameters. Occurrence of rare Fe4+ state is identified via X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). The lattice parameter (a) and corresponding molar volume (Vm) of Bi12FeO20 have been measured in the temperature range of 30–700 °C by the X-ray diffraction method. The thermal expansion coefficient (α) 3.93 × 10–5 K−1 was calculated from the measured values of the parameters. Electronic structure and density of states are investigated by first principle calculations. Photoelectrochemical measurements on single crystals with bandgap of 2 eV reveal significant photo response. The photoactivity of as grown crystals were further investigated by degrading organic effluents such as Methylene blue (MB) and Congo red (CR) under natural sunlight. BFO showed photodegradation efficiency about 74.23% and 32.10% for degrading MB and CR respectively. Interesting morphology and microstructure of pointed spearhead like BFO crystals provide a new insight in designing and synthesizing multifunctional single crystals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number22052
JournalScientific Reports
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Growth of sillenite Bi12FeO20 single crystals: structural, thermal, optical, photocatalytic features and first principle calculations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this