Heart rate variability in the neonate and infant: Analytical methods, physiological and clinical observations

E. G. Rosenstock, Y. Cassuto, E. Zmora

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

80 Scopus citations

Abstract

Naturally occurring oscillations in heart rate have long been considered to reflect the modulating influences of the autonomic nervous system. Individual reports of heart rate variability in healthy and sick neonates and infants have provided valuable information as to pathophysiological changes in autonomic cardiovascular control. It is evident that prematurity and poor health are reflected in attenuated heart rate variability. However, at present, there are few standard criteria for the analysis of heart rate variability, preventing precise comparisons among the various studies. Until recommendations for standardized analytical methods are made, clinical application of heart rate variability in neonatal and infant prognosis and therapy remains premature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)477-482
Number of pages6
JournalActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
Volume88
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 1999

Keywords

  • Heart rate variability
  • Infant
  • Maturation
  • Neonate
  • Power spectrum analysis
  • Respiratory distress
  • Sleep state
  • Sudden infant death syndrome

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