Helicobacter pylori infection and subsequent peptic duodenal disease among young adults

Michael Gdalevich, Dani Cohen, Isaac Ashkenazi, Daniel Mimouni, Ofer Shpilberg, Jeremy D. Kark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Evidence for a causal relationship between presence of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) in gastric mucosa and development of peptic disease is based largely on intervention studies in which eradication of H. pylori led to healing of the lesion. The aim of this study was to assess the importance of H. pylori seropositivity for subsequent development of peptic disease in a prospective study design in young Israelis. Methods. A nested case-control serum bank study based on a systematic sample of male and female inductees to the Israel Defense Force. Twenty-nine cases of duodenal ulcer or duodenitis of moderate or higher severity, diagnosed between 1986 and 1995, were individually matched for age, sex, ethnicity, education and year of induction, with five healthy controls each. Presence of anti-H. pylori antibodies in the frozen stored sera was determined by ELISA. Results. The geometric mean titre of anti-H. pylori antibodies at baseline was significantly higher in cases (18.3 U/ml) than controls (6.9 U/ml; P = 0.009). The matched odds ratio for peptic ulcer disease by seropositivity was 3.8 (95% CI : 1.4-10.2). A stronger association was evident for subjects diagnosed ≥2 years after induction than those diagnosed earlier. The population attributable fraction was 56.6% (95% CI : 15.7-81.1). Conclusions. Pre-existing infection with H. pylori, as determined by seropositivity, is an important determinant of development of duodenal ulcer or duodenitis in young Israelis, supporting the generalizability of an apparent causal association to diverse populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)592-595
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Epidemiology
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Duodenal ulcer
  • Helicobacter pylori
  • Peptic ulcer disease
  • Seroprevalence

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