Hello darkness, my old friend: 3-Ketoacyl-Coenzyme A Synthase4 is a branch point in the regulation of triacylglycerol synthesis in Arabidopsis by re-channeling fatty acids under carbon starvation

Urszula Luzarowska, Anne-Kathrin Ruß, Jérôme Joubès, Marguerite Batsale, Jędrzej Szymański, Venkatesh Periyakavanam Thirumalaikumar, Marcin Luzarowski, Si Wu, Feng Zhu, Niklas Endres, Sarah Khedhayir, Julia Schumacher, Sandra Marcela Correa Cordoba, Aleksandra Skirycz, Alisdair Robert Fernie, Yonghua Li-Beisson, Corina Mariana Fusari, Yariv Brotman

Research output: Working paper/PreprintPreprint

Abstract

Due to their sessile lifestyle, plants have evolved unique mechanisms to deal with environmental challenges. Under stress, plant lipids are important as alternative sources of carbon and energy when sugars or starch are limited. Here, we applied combined heat and darkness and extended darkness to a panel of ∼ 300 Arabidopsis accessions to study lipid remodeling under carbon starvation. Natural allelic variation at 3-KETOACYL-COENZYME A SYNTHASE4 (KCS4), a gene encoding for an enzyme involved fatty-acid elongation, underlies a differential accumulation of polyunsaturated triacylglycerols (TAGs) under stress. Ectopic expression in yeast and plants proved that KCS4 is a functional enzyme localized in the ER with specificity for C22 and C24 saturated acyl-CoA. Loss-of-function mutants and transient overexpression in planta revealed the role of KCS4 alleles in TAG synthesis and biomass accumulation. The region harboring KCS4 is under high selective pressure. Furthermore, allelic variation at KCS4 correlated with environmental parameters from the locales of Arabidopsis accessions. Our results provide evidence that KCS4 plays a decisive role in the subsequent fate of fatty acids released from chloroplast-membrane lipids under carbon starvation. This work sheds light on both plant response mechanisms to abiotic stress and the evolutionary events shaping the lipidome under carbon starvation.One sentence summary Natural variation at KCS4 underlies a differential accumulation of polyunsaturated triacylglycerols, by acting as a regulatory branch point in the fate of fatty acids under carbon starvation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages2020.07.27.223388
StatePublished - 2020

Publication series

NamebioRxiv
PublisherCold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press

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