Henri Étienne Sainte-Claire Deville: A Physician Turned Metallurgist

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Henri Étienne Sainte-Claire Deville (1818-1881) is well known for his work on metallurgy, on the separation and preparation of many metals on a large scale and in a very pure state, and developing the concepts and principles of the dissociation of gases. He was the first to prepare N2O 5 in crystalline state and to develop an inexpensive process for the industrial manufacture of sodium and aluminum. Among the many metals he separated successfully are silicon, magnesium, platinum, indium, osmium, manganese, and chromium. His development of the platinum-iridium alloy led to its adoption for manufacturing the meter and kilogram standards.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-128
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Materials Engineering and Performance
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2004


  • Aluminum
  • Deville
  • Dissociation
  • Indium-rhodium alloy
  • Magnesium
  • Metric standards
  • Silicon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Henri Étienne Sainte-Claire Deville: A Physician Turned Metallurgist'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this