High concentration two-stage optics for parabolic trough solar collectors with tubular absorber and large rim angle

M. Collares-Pereira, J. M. Gordon, A. Rabl, R. Winston

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    58 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    A new two-stage optical design is proposed for parabolic trough solar collectors with tubular absorbers. It can boost the concentration ratio by a factor of 2.5 relative to the conventional design, while maintaining the large rim angles (i.e., low nominal f{hook}-numbers) that are desirable for practical and economical reasons. The second stage involves asymmetric nonimaging concentrators of the CPC type, facing segments of the parabolic first stage. The second stage can be accommodated inside an evacuated receiver, allowing the use of first-surface silvered reflectors. The low heat loss of this design opens the possibility of producing steam at temperatures and pressures of conventional power plants, using only one-axis tracking. The improvement in conversion efficiency would be substantial.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)457-466
    Number of pages10
    JournalSolar Energy
    Volume47
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1 Jan 1991

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