High performance magnetic pseudocapacitors - Direct correlation between specific capacitance and diffusion coefficients

Ananya Chowdhury, Sudipta Biswas, Vikas Sharma, Joyanti Halder, Abyaya Dhar, Baranidharan Sundaram, Brajesh Dubey, Poornachandra Sekhar Burada, Amreesh Chandra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Till date, magnetic field dependent variations in specific capacitance have only been reported in simple binary oxides or alloys. Ternary spinels are often considered to be a composite of two or more mono-cationic entities, which allows them to deliver high specific capacitance. This paper deals with one such spinel i.e. NiCo2O4 (NCO), with 2-dimentional porous morphology, for obtaining highly responsive magnetic supercapacitors. Compared to the constituent oxides viz., NiO and Co3O4, NiCo2O4 shows nearly 100% higher response under magnetic field. Such results make this spinel furthermore useful for industrial applications. The results can be explained by the variation in dielectric constant, ESR, and ion diffusion as a function of applied magnetic fields. In such 2-dimentional porous oxides, a modified theoretical model has to be utilized to explain the magnetic field induced specific capacitance changes. There is a need to consider the impact of diffusion coefficient and additional convection term that is induced by the Fick's law. Another aspect, related with the carbon footprint for the materials, is determined using the life cycle assessment studies. This shows another advantage of using NiCo2O4 in energy storage devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number139252
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume397
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 2-D nanostructures
  • Diffusion coefficient
  • Life-cycle assessment
  • Magnetic
  • Supercapacitors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Electrochemistry

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