High-pressure phase diagram of Bi-Ga: Polymorphism, anomalous melting curves and liquid miscibility gap

Shir Ben Shalom, Moran Emuna, Yaron Greenberg, Eyal Yahel, Guy Makov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The high-pressure states of the elements can significantly impact the phase diagrams of their alloys due to polymorphism in the solid state and anomalies and slope changes in the melting curve. Here, we investigate the effect of these characteristics on a model system, the Bi-Ga system, by constructing a thermodynamic model of the high-pressure phase diagram and validating the proposed transitions by electrical resistance measurements in a ‘Paris-Edinburgh’ press. We achieve conclusive agreement between our calculated phase diagram up to 6 GPa and the measured transitions. At higher pressures, the liquid miscibility gap in this system disappears, and the phase diagram changes from a monotectic to a eutectic type at a pressure of 8 GPa. We also measured the monotectic temperature and the liquidus of Bi-rich alloy that presents anomalous behavior as a function of pressure. The present contribution demonstrates the crucial contribution of the high-pressure behavior of the elements in characterizing the challenging and complex behavior of alloys under pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number173457
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2024


  • Alloy phase diagram
  • Bismuth
  • Gallium
  • High pressure
  • Liquid miscibility gap

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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