Cancer immunotherapies are highly potent and are gaining wide clinical usage. However, severe side effects require focusing effector immune cell activities on the tumor microenvironment (TME). We recently developed a chimeric antigen receptor tumor-induced vector (CARTIV), a synthetic promoter activated by TME factors. To improve CARTIV functions including background, activation levels, and synergism, we screened a library of promoters with variations in key positions. Here, we present a screening method involving turning ON/OFF stimulating TNFα and IFNγ cytokines, followed by sequential cell sorting. Sequencing of enriched promoters identified seventeen candidates, which were cloned and whose activities were then validated, leading to the identification of two CARTIVs with lower background and higher induction. We further combined a third hypoxia element with the two-factor CARTIV, demonstrating additional modular improvement. Our study presents a method of fine-tuning synthetic promoters for desired immunotherapy needs.
- Gene Library
- Promoter Regions, Genetic
- Tumor Microenvironment/genetics
ASJC Scopus subject areas