Higher body mass index in 16–19 year-old Jewish Adolescents of North African, Middle Eastern and European Origins is a Predictor of Acute Myeloid Leukemia: a cohort of 2.3 million Israelis

Oded Shamriz, Merav Leiba, Hagai Levine, Estela Derazne, Lital Keinan-Boker, Jeremy D. Kark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Studies evaluating adolescent risk factors for developing acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are virtually nonexistent. We assessed adolescent predictors of AML in adults, with a main focus on adolescent BMI. Methods: The study included 2,310,922 16–19-year-old Jewish Israeli adolescents (mean age 17.3 ± 0.4, 59.5% male), called up for an obligatory health examination. Sociodemographic and health data, including measured weight and height, were gathered. Body mass index (BMI) was examined both as a continuous variable and grouped according to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification and US-CDC percentiles. Bone-marrow-biopsy-verified AML cases diagnosed up to 31 December 2012 were identified by linkage to the Israel national cancer registry. Multivariable-adjusted Cox proportional-hazards models were used to model time to diagnosis. Results: During 47 million person years of follow-up, 568 AML cases were identified (crude incidence rate 1.21/100,000 person years). There was a multivariable-adjusted hazard ratio (HR) of 1.041 (95% CI 1.015–1.068, p = 0.002) per unit BMI. The association was evident in those of Middle Eastern, North African, and European origin. A graded association was evident across the overweight and obese WHO grouping. With the US-CDC grouping, excess risk was evident in overweight but not in obese adolescents, although a test for trend in percentiles was significant (p = 0.004). Borderline associations were noted for origin (p = 0.065) (higher in the predominantly Ashkenazi European origin), sex (higher in women: HR = 1.24 (95% CI 0.99–1.55), and stature (HR = 1.013, 95% CI 1.000–1.026, per cm). Conclusions: Higher BMI in adolescence was associated with increased AML incidence in adulthood in this multiethnic population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-339
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Causes and Control
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute myeloid leukemia
  • Adolescence
  • Ashkenazi
  • Body mass index
  • Ethnicity
  • Middle East
  • North Africa
  • Risk factors
  • Western Asia

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