Histone deacetylase inhibition by Japanese encephalitis virus in monocyte/macrophages: A novel viral immune evasion strategy

Dwaipayan Adhya, Kallol Dutta, Kiran Kundu, Anirban Basu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a common cause of encephalitis in humans who are dead-end hosts producing negligible viremia. The virus reaches the brain and causes massive inflammation. Our study seeks to understand the virus-host interaction using the murine monocyte/macrophage cell line RAW264.7, an antigen presenting cell involved in eliciting an innate immune response. We have discovered several interesting phenomena occurring in JEV-infected RAW264.7 cells which diverge from established observations. JEV remains inside RAW264.7 and appears to have little negative effect on cell viability. Expression studies of major histocompatibility complexes (MHC) and co-stimulatory molecules show inhibition of antigen presentation. There is enhanced immune suppression creating an anti-viral milieu. Expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines is suppressed along with increased expression of anti-inflammatory molecules. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) have known inflammatory properties. In our study, through modulation of HDACs JEV seems to induce a crucial anti-inflammatory and anti-viral role in host macrophages.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1235-1247
Number of pages13
JournalImmunobiology
Volume218
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antigen presentation
  • Histone deacetylase
  • Immune evasion
  • Inflammation
  • Interferon
  • Japanese encephalitis virus
  • Macrophage

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